The Great War and Expressionism in German Film

by Agustina Diaz Rhein The impact of World War one on German society was immense; the country was affected not only by a humbling defeat, but also by the experiences people brought home from a technologically unfamiliar and altogether catastrophic new type of warfare. Cinema, like other forms of artistic expression, manifest these feelings of…

How the Great Chemist’s War Brought About the Substitution of Guano

by Lisa Butzenlechner World War I is sometimes referred as the “chemist’s war” due to the prevalence of poison gas warfare, including the use of massive amounts of nitrogen. It proved to be the beginning of a fundamental change in the world’s ecological relation with nitrogen, according to Gregory Cushman, Associate Professor for history at…

Ein Mythos stirbt – wie die Schweiz ihre Vergangenheit neu aufrollt

by Michael Hochreutener Die Schweiz als letzte Insel des Widerstandes. Die Eidgenossen als tapfere Verteidiger von Land, Volk und Demokratie – inmitten eines von Tod und Zerstörung gezeichneten Kontinents. Über Jahrzehnte hinweg hatte dieses Bild die Schweizer Geschichtsschreibung zu ihrer Rolle im zweiten Weltkrieg geprägt. Der Glaube, dass das Land primär dank seiner Armee und…

The War Comes to Africa

by Amanda Rohde Standing on the steps of Ngome Kongwe (the Swahili name for this old fort) in Bagamoyo, Tanzania, it is difficult to fathom the breadth and depth of this building’s complex history. Erected in 1860 by the Baluchi Indian Abdallah Marhabi, this citadel was seized upon Tanzania’s colonization by the Germans. Selecting Bagamoyo as…

The WWI Issue: 100 Years After

In honor of the 100 year anniversary of the breakout of World War 1, we wanted our final publication to tackle some of the issues that come with remembering the past and how it influences our present. It is with bittersweet excitement as graduating second years that we present our last issue of Polemics for…