Media in Russia: A Closed Circuit

by Anton Palladin Despite government claims to the contrary, the media in Russia is deceptively and decidedly pro-government. Frequent cases of disinformation, self-censorship and killings of journalists characterize the Russian media space. Nevertheless, by presenting Russia in a consistently positive light, state media arms adroitly mask such bias. Because many uneducated Russians cannot access wider…

The Conflicting Goals of the European Energy Union

by Jasmina Hodžić In the year behind us, for the first time, more electricity in Germany was supplied by renewables than by any other energy source. Nevertheless, the report by the Berlin think thank Agora Energiewende shows that Germany’s coal consumption in 2014 reached the highest level since 1990, resulting in unprecedently high carbon dioxide…

Book Review: Underground War to Balkan Insurgency

by Sophie Gnesda After decades of peaceful independence movements proved as an unsuccessful tool for obtaining national statehood, Kosovo won its independence by force, emerging as a new state following a series of bloody conflicts. Those who fought at the front lines are today negotiating the future of the country as soldiers-made-political leaders. The monograph…

Notes from Ukraine

by the DA Ukrainisti When boarding our train to Ukraine, the group morale was uncertain of the chemistry that would develop between us. We had been following the unfolding events in Ukraine keenly since the beginning of the year. There were numerous occasions where we contemplated canceling the trip due to the prospects of violence…

Deteriorating Perceptions of FSU Democracies

by Flora Kwong The Soviet Union did not have a strong reputation for liberal democracy or political freedom. Structured upon a foundation of socialism, the government was centrally-controlled by the Communist Party and exercised its will through political repression. The Gulag administered forced labor camps, where political dissidents were often sent. At the fall of…